Monday, 24 Jan 2022

Seven Wonders of the Modern World

The list of seven wonders of the modern world are Eiffel Tower, Empire State Building, Suez Canal, Golden Gate Bridge, Dneproges Dam on the Dnepr River in Russia, Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell, England and Alaska (Alcan) Highway. Many organizations have created their own more recent lists, but each one is different, and none have been universally accepted to replace this one.


Eiffel Tower

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World



The design of the Eiffel Tower was the product of Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers working for the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel, after discussion about a suitable centrepiece for the proposed 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world’s fair to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution.


This is not the Paris landmark—but it is named for it. This Eiffel Tower is slang for a threesome sex position where a person has vaginal or anal sex with one partner while performing oral sex on another. The two partners then high-five overhead, forming a shape said to look like the Eiffel Tower.


It’s famous because it was never supposed to stay there. Gustave Eiffel designed it for the temporary Exposition Universelle, and a lot of crazy other buildings and constructions were all around the Eiffel Tower during the Exhibition. But it looked so strange and became so popular that they didn’t destroy it.


The Eiffel Tower in Paris, ranked as the world’s greatest engineering marvel when it was built in 1889, and rises 984 feet from its base, which is 330 feet square. It is a huge wrought iron skeleton tower on the Champ de Mar in Paris, designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel for the Paris Exposition of 1889.Mar 25, 2014


Empire State Building

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World



The site of the Empire State Building, located on the west side of Fifth Avenue between West 33rd and 34th Streets, was originally part of an early 18th century farm. In the late 1820s, it came into the possession of the prominent Astor family, with John Jacob Astor’s descendants building the Waldorf–Astoria Hotel on the site in the 1890s.


The tower lights are turned off on foggy nights during the spring and autumn bird migration seasons, so the lights will not confuse birds and cause them to fly into the building. It is the tallest Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)-certified building in the United States.


Empire State Building is the ancestor of all supertall skyscrapers and makes a lasting impression in the minds of all who have stood beneath, or atop, this international icon. Among the accolades and achievements that this tower claims, perhaps the most impressive is that it took less than 14 months to construct, a timeline that is unimaginable for a building of similar height today. Marveling at the ability of steel-framed buildings to support added weight, architects tested the material at a supreme scale.


Suez Canal

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World



The sea-level waterway running north-south across the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt to connect the Mediterranean and the Red seas. The canal separates the African continent from Asia, and it provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans. It is one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes.


The 193.30 km (120 miles)-long Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway located in Egypt and connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez, a northern branch of the Red Sea. Officially opened in November 1869, the Suez Canal is one of the most heavily used shipping routes in the world, witnessing the passage of thousands of vessels every year.The canal, which separates Asia from the African continent, offers a shortest maritime route between Europe and the regions that share a border with the Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific Ocean.


Golden Gate Bridge

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World



The structure links the American city of San Francisco, California – the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula – to Marin County, carrying both U.S. Route 101 and California State Route 1 across the strait. There are plenty of great spots to capture a snap of the majestic bridge. But if you want a truly postcard-worthy shot, head to the Golden Gate Bridge Vista Point, situated high on a hill overlooking San Francisco.


The total length of the Golden Gate Bridge from abutment to abutment is 8,981 feet (2,737 m). It spans 1.7 miles across the Golden Gate Strait which connects San Francisco to the Pacific Ocean is 90 feet wide. It’s average height above the water is 220 feet, with the two towers rising up to 746 feet above sea level; more than 80,000 miles of wire were used in the bridge.


During Daylight Savings Time (March – November) the bridge is open from 5 am to 9 pm, however, during Pacific Standard Time, (November – March) it’s only open till 6 pm. How long does it take to cross the bridge on foot? For the average person it takes around 30−40 minutes one way.


Dneproges Dam on the Dnieper River in Russia

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World




Also known as Dneprostroi Dam) is the largest hydroelectric power station on the Dnieper River, located in Zaporizhia, Ukraine. It is the fifth step of Dnieper hydroelectric stations cascade that provides electric power for Donets–Kryvyi Rih Industrial region.


In 1941, secret police blew up a hydroelectric dam in the southern city of Zaporizhzhya to slow the Nazi advance. The explosion flooded villages along the banks of the Dnieper River, killing thousands of civilians. As Europe marks its Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism on August 23, a handful of Zaporizhzhya residents are battling for the recognition of the little-known wartime tragedy.


It was indeed a significant achievement for the fledgling socialist country. And the power station performs its duties to this day. Today the dam has been privatized and continues to power the adjacent industrial complexes. The pressure of the water leaving the dam is at 38.7 metres and the reservoir that is behind it is 33.3 cubic kilometers.


Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell, England

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World



Also known as AERE or colloquially Harwell Laboratory, near Harwell, Oxfordshire, was the main centre for atomic energy research and development in the United Kingdom from the 1940s to the 1990s.


By 1959 the United Kingdom nuclear power programme was slowed down, as it did not have the lead over coal and oil which had been expected. For the remaining programme, engineering effort was wanted, rather than more basic science. An act of Parliament allowed A.E.R.E. to diversify into some non-nuclear research, but further Government cuts in 1970 made A.E.R.E. attempt to get more work from commercial firms.


Harwell started out life as the site of the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, created after the Second World War to conduct research into atomic energy for the UK. Activities in this area only ceased in the 1990s and several nuclear reactors remain on site, waiting to be decommissioned.


Alaska (Alcan) Highway

Quoted from Seven Wonders of the Modern World


It begins at the junction with several Canadian highways in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, and runs to Delta Junction, Alaska, via Whitehorse, Yukon. Completed in 1942 at a length of approximately 1,700 miles (2,700 km), as of 2012 it is 1,387 mi (2,232 km) long.


Road construction started in March 1942 and was completed in October 1942 but the general public couldn’t drive on it until 1948. The Alaska Highway was originally built as a supply route during World War II for the US Army.


References (some of the Photos/Text):


Wikipedia . org


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