The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

A Natural Wonder is generally known or described as a natural site or it is proudly from mother earth where it is monument that has not been changed or built by humans. In other words it is a natural object, that wasn’t made by mankind. The 7 wonders of the natural world are Mount Everest in Nepal, Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe, Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA; Great Barrier Reef in Australia, Northern Lights, Paricutin Volcano in Mexico, and Harbour of Rio De Janeiro in Brazil.

 

Mount Everest

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

Climbers on Mount Everest take away life-changing memories, remarkable images and adventurous friends from every corner of the Earth. They also leave behind human waste, which is not currently disposed of in a safe, clean, or sustainable manner. Last year, more than 26,000 pounds of untreated human waste accumulated from climbers and their support members at Mount Everest Base Camp. The environmental impact this practice has on the fragile environment of Mount Everest and the health risks to the local population is massive.

Mount Everest attracts experienced mountaineers as well as less-seasoned climbers who typically enlist guides known as sherpas. Climbing more than 8,000 feet is no easy feat. Altitude sickness, weather and wind are the major roadblocks to making the summit for most climbers. More than 5,000 people have climbed Everest and 219 have died trying.

The current official elevation of 8,848 m (29,029 ft), recognized by China and Nepal, was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975. In 2005, China remeasured the rock height of the mountain, with a result of 8844.43 m. There followed an argument between China and Nepal as to whether the official height should be the rock height (8,844 m., China) or the snow height (8,848 m., Nepal). In 2010, an agreement was reached by both sides that the height of Everest is 8,848 m, and Nepal recognizes China’s claim that the rock height of Everest is 8,844 m

 

 

 

Victoria Falls

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

 

 

One special vantage point is across the Knife-edge Bridge, where visitors can have the finest view of the Eastern Cataract and the Main Falls as well as the Boiling Pot, where the river turns and heads down the Batoka Gorge. Other vantage points include the Falls Bridge, Devils Pool and the Lookout Tree, both of which command panoramic views across the Main Falls.

Victoria Falls is classified as the largest, based on its combined width of 1,708 metres (5,604 ft) and height of 108 metres (354 ft), resulting in the world’s largest sheet of falling water. Victoria Falls is roughly twice the height of North America’s Niagara Falls and well over twice the width of its Horseshoe Falls.

 

The power of the falls is awesome with the highest ever flow recorded in 1958 when it reached more than 700 000 cubic meters of water a minute. The water in the gorges rose 18 metres (60 feet) above its normal flood level. The beauty of the falls lies in their natural state, but the area is at some risk of runaway tourism-based development—more resorts, hotels, and even a possible dam below the falls that could flood several park gorges.

 

Grand Canyon

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

 

 

 

Unique combinations of geologic color and erosional forms decorate a canyon that is 277 river miles (446km) long, up to 18 miles (29km) wide, and a mile (1.6km) deep. Grand Canyon overwhelms our senses through its immense size. Grand Canyon North Rim is popular among avid outdoor enthusiasts because of the remoteness of the area. It has a short May-to-October season and frankly, most North Rim folks prefer sleeping under the stars in a campsite versus staying overnight in a hotel. But a stay at the Grand Canyon Lodge on the North Rim is an opportunity you should seize if you are able and are planning a year or so out.

 

The canyon and adjacent rim are contained within Grand Canyon National Park, the Kaibab National Forest, Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, the Hualapai Indian Reservation, the Havasupai Indian Reservation and the Navajo Nation. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of preservation of the Grand Canyon area, and visited it on numerous occasions to hunt and enjoy the scenery.

 

The intimate canyon feeling you gain while having your picture taken in front of the Colorado River can’t be beat! An under appreciated attraction on the East end of the Grand Canyon is the Little Colorado River Tribal Park on the Navajo Nation. The view down into the Little Colorado River from the main parking lot is one you will never forget.

 

Great Barrier Reef

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

 

The Great Barrier Reef is of superlative natural beauty above and below the water, and provides some of the most spectacular scenery on earth. It is one of a few living structures visible from space, appearing as a complex string of reefal structures along Australia’s northeast coast. It is  one of the world’s great natural wonders. It is the largest reef in the world and consists of nearly 3000 individual reefs, 880 islands and hundreds and thousands of different types of plant, bird and marine life. Swimming with the fish and admiring the colours of the coral is a must for any holiday to the Great Barrier Reef.

 

The Great Barrier Reef is a distinct feature of the East Australian Cordillera division. It reaches from Torres Strait (between Bramble Cay, its northernmost island, and the south coast of Papua New Guinea) in the north to the unnamed passage between Lady Elliot Island (its southernmost island) and Fraser Island in the south. Lady Elliot Island is located 1,915 km (1,190 mi) southeast of Bramble Cay as the crow flies. It includes the smaller Murray Islands.

 

 

Northern Lights

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

 

Auroras are produced when the magnetosphere is sufficiently disturbed by the solar wind that the trajectories of charged particles in both solar wind and magnetospheric plasma, mainly in the form of electrons and protons, precipitate them into the upper atmosphere (thermosphere/exosphere) due to Earth’s magnetic field, where their energy is lost.

 

The Northern Lights are the visual result of solar particles entering the earth’s magnetic field at high atmosphere, and ionising. Their intensity depends on the activity of the sun, and the acceleration speed of these particles.

 

The Northern Lights are generated in the upper atmosphere as it gets bombarded by electronically charged particles from the sun. They form what is known as ‘auroral belts’ around the geomagnetic poles and occur high above the Earth’s surface, at altitudes between 100-250km, where the atmosphere is extremely thin.

They appear as dancing lights high in the sky and vary in colour, usually being green, but occasionally also purple, red, pink, orange and blue. Their colours depend on the elements being ionised.

 

 

Paricutin Volcano, Mexico

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

 

 

 

The cone continued to grow for another 8 years but added only another 290 feet (88 m). Effusive activity began on the second day and continued to the end of the eruption. Lava flows covered about 10 square miles (25 square km) and had a volume of about 0.3 cubic miles (1.4 cubic km). The rate of eruption declined steadily until the last 6 months of the eruption when violent explosions were frequent and violent.

Parícutin is located in the Mexican municipality of Nuevo Parangaricutiro, Michoacán, 29 kilometers (18 mi) west of the city of Uruapan and about 322 km west of Mexico City. It lies on the northern flank of the Cerros de Tancítaro, which itself lies on top of an old shield volcano and extends 3,170 meters (10,400 ft) above sea level and 424 meters (1,391 ft) above the Valley of Quitzocho-Cuiyusuru.

 

During the peak of its activity in its first year, ashes from the volcano drifted as far as 320 kilometers (200 miles) to the east and fell on Mexico City. With each following year, however, the volcano became less active until, after a final spectacular spasm, it finally went dormant in 1952.

 

 

Harbor at Rio de Janeiro

Quoted from The 7 Wonders of the Natural World – Full Details and History

 

 

 

The Harbor of Rio de Janeiro is 31 kilometers (19.2 miles) long and 28 kilometers (17.3 miles) wide at its maximum. The harbor, which consists of the bay and the surrounding mountains, has a bare granite peak that is about 1,300 feet tall. It is called Sugarloaf, a name given by the Portuguese explorers who felt that it resembled a conical sugar loaf in shape. The highest mountain in the harbor is called the Corcovado, which means hunchback.

Rio de Janeiro Harbour is located in Brazil on the south-western shore of Guanabara Bay. The bay is surrounded by the city of Rio, the second largest city and former capital of Brazil, along a strip of land between the mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. It is surrounded by mountains: Sugar Loaf Mt. (1,296 ft/395 m), Corcovado Peak (2,310 ft/704 m), and the hills of Tijuca (3,350 ft/1,021 m). The world famous statue of Jesus (38m) stands on the top of Corcovado Peak.

 

The Harbour is important beacuse it is the main source, of transporting goods and products from other different places. If it didn’t have a port; the the ships wouldn’t have anywhere to dock and if they can’t dock, the ships wouldn’t be able to land and deliver the goods. They are known as carriers.

 

References some of the texts and photos:

Wikipedia . org

Pexels

zambiatourism

victoriafalls-guide

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *