Sunday, 23 Jan 2022

Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World

Here are the top ten ultimate engineering in the world namely Space Station Alpha : the international space station to be completed in 2006, Akashi Kaikyo Bridge : the longest suspension bridge in world (2.5 miles), linking Kobe and Awaji in Japan, Biosphere 2 : a self-contained miniature version of the planet Earth in Arizona, CERN’s Giant Collider : the world’s largest scientific instrument, seven miles in circumference, Itaipu Dam : the world’s largest, on the Piranha River between Brazil and Paraguay, Aquarius : underwater research laboratory near Florida, Petronas Towers : in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia, the tallest buildings in the, Oresund Fixed Link : ten mile bridge and tunnel connecting Denmark and Sweden, Airships : the rebirth of zeppelins and Toronto Sky Dome : a baseball stadium.

International Space Station

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World



The space station has made it possible for people to have an ongoing presence in space. Human beings have been living in space every day since the first crew arrived. The space station’s laboratories allow crew members to do research that could not be done anywhere else. This scientific research benefits people on Earth. The ISS provides a platform to conduct scientific research. Small unmanned spacecraft can provide platforms for zero gravity and exposure to space, but space stations offer a long-term environment where studies can be performed potentially for decades, combined with ready access by human researchers over periods that exceed the capabilities of manned spacecraft.


The International Space Station is a large spacecraft in orbit around Earth. It serves as a home where crews of astronauts and cosmonauts live. The space station is also a unique science laboratory. Several nations worked together to build and use the space station.


Akashi Kaikyo Bridge

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World




The bridge was designed with a dual-hinged stiffening girder system, allowing the structure to withstand winds of 286 kilometres per hour (178 mph), earthquakes measuring up to magnitude 8.5, and harsh sea currents. The bridge also contains tuned mass dampers that are designed to operate at the resonance frequency of the bridge to dampen forces.e longest suspension bridge in world (2.5 miles), linking Kobe and Awaji in Japan. It was the world’s longest suspension bridge when it opened on April 5, 1998. The six-lane road bridge connects the city of Kōbe, on the main island of Honshu, to Iwaya, on Awaji Island, which in turn is linked (via the Ōnaruto Bridge over the Naruto Strait) to the island of Shikoku to the southwest.


The bridge towers have mass dampers in order to reduce vibrations in the structure during earthquakes and typhoons.



Biosphere 2


It is an American Earth system science research facility located in Oracle, Arizona. It has been owned by the University of Arizona since 2011. Its mission is to serve as a center for research, outreach, teaching, and lifelong learning about Earth, its living systems, and its place in the universe.

Constructed between 1987 and 1991, it was used to explore the complex web of interactions within life systems in a structure that included five areas based on natural biomes and an agricultural area and human living/working space to study the interactions between humans, farming and technology with the rest of nature.

CERN’s Giant Collider

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World


The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator (Image: CERN)
Thousands of magnets of different varieties and sizes are used to direct the beams around the accelerator. These include 1232 dipole magnets 15 metres in length which bend the beams, and 392 quadrupole magnets, each 5–7 metres long, which focus the beams. Just prior to collision, another type of magnet is used to “squeeze” the particles closer together to increase the chances of collisions.

The collider has four crossing points, around which are positioned seven detectors, each designed for certain kinds of research. The LHC primarily collides proton beams, but it can also use beams of heavy ions. Lead–lead collisions took place in 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015, proton–lead collisions were performed for short periods in 2013 and 2016, and a short run of xenon–xenon collisions took place in 2017.



Itaipu Dam 

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World


The upstream face is supported by two buttresses, and the downstream face is a simple concrete slab. It is one of the highest and largest hollow gravity dams in the world. Its reservoir stretches northward for about 100 miles (160 km), and it has totally submerged the formerly spectacular Guaíra Falls.

In 1970, the consortium formed by the companies IECO (from the United States),[10] and ELC Electroconsult S.p.A. (from Italy) won the international competition for the realization of the viability studies and for the elaboration of the construction project. Design studies began in February 1971. On April 26, 1973, Brazil and Paraguay signed the Itaipu Treaty, the legal instrument for the hydroelectric exploitation of the Paraná River by the two countries.



Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World


Aquarius is one of three undersea laboratories in the world dedicated to science and education. Two additional undersea facilities, also located in Key Largo, FL are owned and operated by Marine Resources Development Foundation. Aquarius was owned by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and operated by the University of North Carolina–Wilmington. The Aquarius program allows scientists to live and work 63 feet below the surface on missions lasting up to 10 days. The scientists living in Aquarius, called “Aquanauts”, can spend more time safely conducting research on the seafloor than would be possible through surface-based diving.



Petronas Towers 

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World

The towers were designed by Argentine architect César Pelli. A distinctive postmodern style was chosen to create a 21st-century icon for Kuala Lumpur. Planning on the Petronas Towers started on 1 January 1992 and included rigorous tests and simulations of wind and structural loads on the design. The Petronas Towers reportedly took a total of 6 years and USD 1.6 billion to construct. The structure consists of 899,000 sq ft of stainless steel extrusions. Since this would naturally attract a lot of heat, 590,000 square feet of laminated glass was installed in order to reflect the harmful UV rays and reduce the heat. Cleaning every single glass panel – the equivalent of 10 football fields – would take almost two months!


Oresund Fixed Link 

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World


The concept of a bridge over the Øresund was first formally proposed in 1936 by a consortium of engineering firms who proposed a national motorway network for Denmark. The idea was dropped during World War II. Oresund Bridge. In 1991, the governments of Denmark and Sweden agreed to build a bridge to connect the two countries across the Oresund Strait. The 16-kilometer-long Oresund Link between Malmo, Sweden (right), and Copenhagen, Denmark (left), was completed and opened to traffic in 2000. The strait trends north-south between the Jutland (Jylland) peninsula and Sjælland (Zealand) island of Denmark (west and south) and Sweden (east); it connects through the Skagerrak (north) with the North Sea and through The Sound and the Great Belt and Little Belt (south) with the Baltic Sea.



Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World

Airships were the first aircraft capable of controlled powered flight, and were most commonly used before the 1940s, but their use decreased over time as their capabilities were surpassed by those of aeroplanes.


Toronto Sky Dome

Quoted from Ultimate Ten Engineering Triumphs in the World

The roof is made of four massive steel panels; one panel is fixed, and the other three slide on a system of steel tracks. Each panel is made from a pattern of steel trusses with a corrugated steel shell and a weatherproof plastic membrane. The stadium was renamed “Rogers Centre” following the purchase of the stadium by Rogers Communications, which also owned the Toronto Blue Jays, in 2005. The name “SkyDome” was chosen as part of a province-wide “name the stadium” contest in 1987. Sponsored by the Toronto Sun, ballots were offered for people to submit their suggested name, with lifetime seats behind home plate to all events at the stadium (including concerts) as the prize.


References some of the (text and photos):

Wikipedia . org



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